Neue Vahr High-rise
- architect : Alvar aalto
- Date : 1958 - 1962
- Location : Neue Vahr, Bremen, Germany (D)
- Function : Residential
- Type : appartement building
- Heigth : 60m
- Storeys : 22
Alvar Aalto Foundation :
In 1958-62, Aalto designed a twenty-two-storey apartment block that was built in a suburb of Bremen called “Neue Vahr”.
Built of prefabricated bituminous concrete blocks, the house contains nine small apartments per storey; there are no apartments on the ground floor. The main feature is a large living room opening out in a V-shaped sector to a wholly glazed wall and a balcony facing west and screened off from the neighbours. This enables the residents to enjoy maximum daylight while at home. Lifts, stairwells, and airing balconies are on the narrow east side. The building was intended for ‘social-collective living’, which is why each storey has a common room, a kind of collective living room. The roof storey has a club locale and a covered viewing terrace. The ground floor contains a free-form hall with an office and small shops for residents. Pedestrians have direct access to the district’s central square and to the house parking. Interesting pointers to the planning principles on which the ‘Neue Vahr’ was based can be found in Aalto’s article ‘High-rise or Low-rise?’.
Case study house #22
Architect Pierre Koenig
Date : 1960
Building Type house
Construction System : steel frame and flat roof deck
Climate : hot, dry
Context : suburban
Architectural style Modern / International
Governing body Private
Location : 1635 Woods Drive, Los Angeles, California, United States
Official Website : http://www.stahlhouse.com/
NRHP Reference # 13000519
LAHCM # 670
Added to NRHP July 24, 2013
Designated LAHCM November 9, 1999
The Stahl House (also known as Case Study House #22) is a modernist-styled house designed by architect Pierre Koenig in the Hollywood Hills section of Los Angeles, California. Photographic and anecdotal evidence suggests that the architect’s client, Buck Stahl, may have provided an inspiration for the overall structure. In 2013 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Built in 1960 as part of the Case Study Houses program, the house is considered an iconic representation of modern architecture in Los Angeles during the twentieth century. It was made famous by a Julius Shulman photograph showing two women leisurely sitting in a corner of the house with an eventide panoramic view of the city through floor-to-ceiling glass walls. The house was used in numerous fashion shoots, films, and advertising campaigns.
In 1999, the house was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument.
Powerful minimalist forms with steel construction orchestrated with sublime elegance. Linear forms connecting visually with the LA street grid visible below.
Architect : Alvar Aalto
Year : 1953
Location : Muuratsalo, Finland
"The summerhouse at Muuratsalo is not only a place to live and work but is also a sort of experimental house. It is located in the lake country of north-central Finland, one hour by motor boat from the nearest railroad station. Two wings of equal length set perpendicularly to each other, one containing the living area and the other the bedrooms, form a square court which is closed to the exterior by means of high walls. The exterior walls of this court are developed as mosaic-like experimental walls, divided into about fifty areas in which different types and sizes of brick and ceramic tile with different methods of jointing are used, so as to test their effect from both the aesthetic and practical standpoints. The lean-to roof rises steeply over the living area towards the west wall."
— Karl Fleig, ed. Alvar Aalto. Scarsdale, N.Y.: Wittenborn and Company, 1963. p200.